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Work and Energy MCQ

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Work and Energy MCQ. We covered all the Work and Energy MCQ in this post for free so that you can practice well for the exam.

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These types of competitive MCQs appear in the exams like SSC, Railways, Defence, CDS, NDA, State PSC & CSE Exams, etc. We created all the competitive exam MCQs into several small posts on our website for your convenience.

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MCQ on Work and Energy for Students

To meet its rapidly growing energy demand, some opine that India should pursue research and development on thorium as the future fuel of nuclear energy. In this context, what advantage does thorium hold over uranium? 1. Thorium is far more abundant in nature than uranium. 2. On the basis of the per unit mass of mined mineral, thorium can generate more energy compared to natural uranium. 3. Thorium produces less harmful waste compared to uranium. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option a – 1 only

Consider the following statements: 1. 10 Nuclear Power Plants in India come under the AERB (Atomic energy regulatory Board). 2. Meckani committee recommended that the Nuclear Regulator be created as a statutory Body. 3. Kudankulam Nuclear Project will operate by AERB. Which of the above statement is true?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1 and 2

Option a – 1 and 2

Which of the following is not associated with the UNO?

(A) ILO

(B) WHO

(C) Security Council

(D) ASEAN

Show Answer

Consider the following statements: 1. Cobalt – 60 was leaked when a worker cut open a piece of metal in a Delhi market this cobalt-60 is used for medical purposes, industrial radiography for non-destructive testing, and in the food processing industry for irradiation process. 2. The Atomic Energy (AERB) is Regulatory Board meant to maintain a “Cradle System to keep a to grave” track of such equipment, including through on-site inspection. Which of the above statement is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above.

Option c – Both 1 and 2

Most of the sources of energy we use represent stored solar energy. Which of the following is not ultimately derived from the Sun’s energy?

(a) geothermal energy

(b) wind energy

(c) nuclear energy

(d) biomass.

Option c – nuclear energy

The International Court of Justice is located at?

(A) Geneva

(B) Hague

(C) Amsterdam

(D) Vienna

Show Answer

Which of the following power plant cause maximum long-term hazards to the environment & us if destroyed or leaked abruptly?

(a) Hydroelectric

(b) Thermal

(c) Nuclear

(d) Wind

Option c – Nuclear

In an atomic explosion, enormous energy is released which is due to the :

(a) Conversion of neutrons into protons

(b) Conversion of chemical energy into heat energy

(c) Conversion of mechanical energy into Nuclear energy

(d) Conversion of mass into energy

Option d – Conversion of mass into energy

The correct order of the countries from top to bottom in the Nuclear Safety Index is 1. Belarus 2. France 3, Israel 4. The U.K.

(a) 2, 4, 3 and 1

(b) 2, 3, 4 and 1

(c) 4, 1, 2 and 3

(d) 4, 3, 2 and 1

Option c – 4, 1, 2 and 3

Identify the correct statement(s): 1. The Department of Atomic Energy is directly under the Prime Minister of India. 2. The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS) is the largest power-producing nuclear site.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None

Option d – None

Consider the following statements: 1. India has 10 Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) 2. The spent fuel from the PHWRS is reprocessed into plutonium. 3. All imported reactors are under the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option c – 2 and 3

Consider the following statements in relation to nuclear reactors and choose the correct alternative: 1. The Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) uses natural Uranium as the Fuel. 2. The Fast Breader Reactor (FBR) uses liquid Sodium as the moderator. 3. The Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) will be based on U233 as the Fuel. 4. The French Company Areva is building the European Pressurized Reactors (EPR) at Jaitapur in Maharashtra.

(a) 1, 3 and 4

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4

(d) 1 and 4

Option a – 1, 3 and 4

The stages of India’s Nuclear Power Programme differ with respect to 1. Fuel used 2. Technology 3. Stage of development

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) All

Option d – All

Consider the following Statements: 1. The Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) is at the heart of the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) at kalpakkam, and it is a forerunner to the second stage of the country’s nuclear power program. 2. Fast Reactors use “Fast” (high energy) neutrons to sustain the fission process, in contrast to water-cooled reactors that use thermal (low energy) neutrons. Fast reactors are commonly known as breeders because they breed more fuel than they consume. Which of the above statements is /are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option c – Both 1 and 2

Consider the following statements 1. India has a published nuclear doctrine. 2. The doctrine advocates a ‘no-first-use’ policy. 3. The authority to release nuclear weapons for use resides in the person of the President of India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) Both 1 and 2

(c) Both 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option d – 1, 2 and 3

Consider the following statements 1. India has 10 Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs). 2. The spent fuel from the PHWRS is reprocessed into plutonium. 3. All imported reactors are under the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

Option b – Only 2

In the case of a nuclear disaster which of the following options for cooling the nuclear reactors may be adopted? 1. Pumping of water into the reactors. 2. Use of boric acid. 3. Taking out the fuel rods and keeping them in a cooling pond. Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

Option b – 1 and 2

To meet its rapidly growing energy demand, some opine that India should pursue research and development on thorium as the future fuel of nuclear energy. In this context, what advantage does thorium hold over uranium? 1. Thorium is far more abundant in nature than uranium. 2. On the basis of the per unit mass of mined mineral, thorium can generate more energy compared to natural uranium. 3. Thorium produces less harmful waste compared to uranium. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) I only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option d – 1, 2 and 3

Consider the following statements: 1. The Nuclear Suppliers Group has 24 countries as its members. India is a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) I only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 2 both

(d) None

Option c – 1 and 2 both

Consider the following statements: 1. United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act, 2006 was named in honor of the Chairman of the House Committee on International Relations. 2. About 25% of the world’s total thorium reserves are in India, Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) I only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 2 both

(d) None

Option c – 1 and 2 both

Non-nuclear weapons of mass destruction

(a) are far less dangerous than nuclear weapons, so the international community is trying to eliminate nuclear weapons first.

(b) include chemical and biological weapons, which have been around for decades.

(c) are much easier to keep track of than nuclear weapons.

(d) are more difficult to build than nuclear weapons, so fewer states have them.

Option b – include chemical and biological weapons, which have been around for decades

India is an important member of the ‘International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor’. If this experiment succeeds, what is the immediate advantage for India?

(a) It can use thorium in place of uranium for power generation

(b) It can attain a global role in satellite navigation

(c) It can drastically improve the efficiency of its fission reactors in power generation

(d) It can build fusion reactors for power generation

Option d – It can build fusion reactors for power generation

Which one of the following metals are alloyed with sodium to transfer heat in a nuclear reactor?

(a) Potassium

(b) Calcium

(c) Magnesium

(d) Strontium

Option a – Potassium

In the year 2008, which one of the following conducted a complex scientific experiment in which sub-atomic particles were accelerated to nearly the speed of light?

(a) European Space Agency

(b) European Organization for Nuclear Research

(c) International Atomic Energy Agency

(d) National Aeronautics and Space administration

Option b – European Organization for Nuclear Research

A moderator is used in nuclear reactors in order to

(a) slow down the speed of the neutrons

(b) accelerate the neutrons

(c) increase the number of neutrons

(d) decrease the number of neutrons

Option d – decrease the number of neutrons

Nuclear energy is released in fission since binding energy per nucleon is

(a) sometimes larger and sometimes smaller

(b) larger for fission fragments than for parent nucleus

(c) same for fission fragments and nucleus

(d) smaller for fission fragments than for parent nucleus

Option b – larger for fission fragments than for parent nucleus

Fusion reactions take place at high temperatures because

(a) atoms are ionized at high temperatures

(b) molecules break up at high temperatures

(c) nuclei break up at high temperatures

(d) kinetic energy is high enough to overcome the repulsion between nuclei

Option d – kinetic energy is high enough to overcome the repulsion between nuclei

The Government of India is planning to establish a new independent nuclear safety regulatory authority. Who among the following will head this new authority?

(a) Prime Minister

(b) President

(c) Minister of Science & Technology

(d) A professional with extensive experience in atomic energy

Option d – A professional with extensive experience in atomic energy

Heat is generated in a nuclear reactor (thermal) by ( work and energy MCQ )

(a) Combustion of a nuclear fuel e.g. uranium.

(b) Fusion of atoms of uranium.

(c) Absorption of neutrons in uranium atoms.

(d) Fission of U-235 by neutrons.

Option d – Fission of U-235 by neutrons

The substance used as a moderator and coolant, in nuclear reactors is

(a) Ordinary water

(b) Heavy water

(c) Liquid Ammonia

(d) Liquid Hydrogen

Option b – Heavy water

Recently in news, Wedelstein 7X is related to ( work and energy MCQ )

(a) Steam Energy

(b) Solar Energy

(c) Thermal Energy

(d) Nuclear Energy

Option d – Nuclear Energy

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