## Gravitation Class 11 MCQ

Gravitation Class 11 MCQ. We covered all the Gravitation Class 11 MCQ in this post for free so that you can practice well for the exam. These types …

Gravitation MCQ for Students. Gravitation, a fundamental force of nature, is crucial in understanding the interactions between masses. It plays a significant role in both classical and modern physics, explaining phenomena ranging from the falling of an apple to the motion of planets. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on gravitation are commonly found in various educational assessments, including school exams, entrance tests, and competitive exams. Here is some detailed information on gravitation and key concepts that are typically tested through MCQs.

Key Concepts in Gravitation MCQ for Students

Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation:

This law states that every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. Mathematically, it is expressed as:

\[ F = G \frac{m_1 m_2}{r^2} \]

where:

– \( F \) is the gravitational force between two masses,

– \( G \) is the gravitational constant (\( 6.67430 \times 10^{-11} \, \text{m}^3 \, \text{kg}^{-1} \, \text{s}^{-2} \)),

– \( m_1 \) and \( m_2 \) are the masses,

– \( r \) is the distance between the centers of the two masses.

Gravitational Field:

A gravitational field is a region of space surrounding a body in which another body experiences a force of gravitational attraction. The gravitational field strength \( g \) at a point in the field is defined as the force per unit mass at that point:

\[ g = \frac{F}{m} \]

On the surface of the Earth, \( g \) is approximately \( 9.8 \, \text{m/s}^2 \).

Gravitational Potential Energy:

This is the energy possessed by an object due to its position in a gravitational field. The gravitational potential energy \( U \) between two masses is given by:

\[ U = -G \frac{m_1 m_2}{r} \]

Acceleration Due to Gravity:

This is the acceleration experienced by an object due to the gravitational pull of a massive body like the Earth. It is denoted by \( g \) and varies slightly with altitude and geographical location. Near the surface of the Earth, \( g \) is approximately \( 9.8 \, \text{m/s}^2 \).

Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion:

1. First Law (Law of Orbits): Planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun at one of the foci.

2. **Second Law (Law of Areas):** A line segment joining a planet and the Sun sweeps out equal areas during equal intervals of time.

3. **Third Law (Law of Periods):** The square of the orbital period of a planet is directly proportional to the cube of the semi-major axis of its orbit.

Example MCQs on Gravitation

Which of the following statements correctly describes Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation?

– Every particle in the universe attracts every other particle with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

What is the value of the gravitational constant (G)?

– \( 6.67430 \times 10^{-11} \, \text{m}^3 \, \text{kg}^{-1} \, \text{s}^{-2} \)

Which of Kepler’s laws states that planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun at one focus?

– Kepler’s First Law

What is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth?

– Approximately \( 9.8 \, \text{m/s}^2 \)

**If the distance between two masses is doubled, the gravitational force between them becomes:**

– One-fourth of the original force

Preparing for Gravitation MCQs

Understand Key Formulas and Concepts:

Be familiar with the formulas related to gravitational force, gravitational field strength, gravitational potential energy, and the equations of motion for celestial bodies.

Memorize Important Constants:

Know the values of important constants like the gravitational constant (G) and the acceleration due to gravity (g) on the Earth’s surface.

Practice Problem-Solving:

Regularly solve MCQs and numerical problems to reinforce your understanding and improve your problem-solving speed.

Review Kepler’s Laws:

Understand and memorize Kepler

’s laws of planetary motion, as they are frequently tested in MCQs.

Visualize Concepts:

Use diagrams and visual aids to understand the spatial relationships and interactions between masses under gravitational influence.

You will get all the Gravitation MCQ for Students on our website for free. Prepare well and score high in the Gravitation topic of any exam for completely free.

Gravitation Class 11 MCQ. We covered all the Gravitation Class 11 MCQ in this post for free so that you can practice well for the exam. These types …

MCQ on Gravitation Class 11. We covered all the MCQ on Gravitation Class 11 in this post for free so that you can practice well for the exam. …

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MCQ on Gravitation Class 9. We covered all the MCQ on Gravitation Class 9 in this post for free so that you can practice well for the exam. …

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